There has been a long debate about the advantages of part 141 and part 61 training. These differences confuse student pilots, so they cannot determine how to take full advantage of the benefits each pilot offers.
Regardless of whether your train is based on 141 or 61, the following will remain the same: 1] written test. 2] Speaking during the inspection. 3] Check the flight part of the flight. 4] Issue a license.
The measure of success is the same in both types of schools: 1] The mentor determines the success or failure of the school. Knowledgeable and experienced lecturers are key. 2] Drop-out rates are high in some flying schools. Successful schools should have at least 90% of their trainees awarded their contracted certificate and grade. 3] Aircraft maintenance is important. Because the plane is grounded, students should rarely cancel flight classes. 4] The school accident record should be zero or close to zero, which indicates that the school has a high evaluation of your safety.
On the surface, it seems that all helicopter flying schools are very similar. That's why it's so useful to understand the difference between sections 141 and 61. The two biggest differences are: 1] Part 141 training requires a FAA-approved training course outline [TCO]. Part 61 does not require the use of TCO at all. 2] The flight school itself and the chief flight instructor must meet the strict requirements of the FAA. Part 61 is not subject to these FAA requirements.
Let's start with Part 61 Helicopter Training and Flight School. Today, most helicopter flying schools in the United States are 61 flying schools. Many of the 61 helicopter flight schools originally consisted of a certified flight instructor and a helicopter. The flight instructor provides prospective students with one-on-one training and teaches them where they see fit. If the lecturers are good, then more students will join the school, and the owners will buy more helicopters and hire more lecturers to meet demand.
For the 61st Helicopter Flight School, no FAA inspection is required. Flight schools can train students for free using methods of their choice. They should abide by the rules and regulations of FAR / AIM regarding part 61 flight schools and training, but are not subject to inspection by the FAA to confirm that they are doing so.
Part 141 training schools and flight schools must meet very specific requirements and standards. After passing the FAA inspection, the helicopter flight school will obtain an aviation agent certificate. Facilities and aircraft inspected for part 141 training were inspected. The chief flight instructor must conduct an annual inspection with the FAA.
In terms of training, the flight school submits a separate, unique training course outline [TCO] to the FAA for each certificate and / or level they teach in Section 141. For example, a private pilot TCO will be submitted. This includes lesson plans for flight and ground training. If the flight school wants to teach instrumentation grades in accordance with Section 141, it must submit another instrumental TCO.
Don't assume that 141 helicopter flight schools provide all certificates and grades under 141. Many schools receive only FAA private, instrument, and business certificates. It takes a lot of work for the flight school to create a TCO and teach according to Section 141. The FAA requires flight schools to maintain extensive student documentation on Section 141, including very detailed information about student progress. This is great for students. Flight schools are time consuming.
There are some very large flight schools that only offer 141 parts of training. They developed a curriculum and taught many students at the same time. They also developed flight plans. Few large flying schools usually have a high ratio of foreign students to domestic students. This is because SEVIS [Student Exchange Visitor Information System] requires flight schools to obtain a flight school certified by the Federal Aviation Administration [FAA] as part 141 to apply for permission to train international students. The Veterans Association [VA] has the same Article 141 requirements for veterans to use their VA benefits.
Most of the 141 schools also provide 61 courses for the same course. For example, you can choose a private pilot based on the provisions of Part 141 or Part 61. Schools that offer both training methods provide students with maximum flexibility.
Students enrolled in part 141 helicopter flight schools can get all the benefits of attending part 141 schools even if they choose to take part or all of the training according to part 61. This is due to the school being randomized by the FAA. They must always maintain high standards to retain their certification.
The disadvantage of part 141 training is that the TCO must be followed in written order. Each student's learning style is different, and some people like the flexibility of Part 61 training, which allows students to study the teaching materials in an order that suits them.
This brings another advantage to flight schools that offer both part 141 and part 61 training. They will usually use TCO in your Part 61 training. This is very useful for student pilots as you can benefit from a FAA-certified structured training course outline while providing materials in the order that suits you best.
Another advantage of training in a school that offers both types of training is that you can mix and match your training. For example, I want to drive privately under the provisions of Part 61, because I want to be flexible in choosing the course. The structure of the flying instrument is very organized and it is about learning procedures, so I chose to follow the 141 part for instrument training. I found that the structured approach and learning sequence were really effective for my instrument training. I went back to section 61 for business training.
Learning to fly a helicopter is fun, exciting and expensive. Before making a final decision, take a comprehensive look at your helicopter flight school and the courses it offers. Fly safely!